How does loft and face angle affect my ball flight

In golf, How does loft and face angle affect my ball flight?

When it comes to achieving the desired ball flight in golf, the loft and face angle of your club play vital roles. Understanding how these factors affect your shots is essential for every golfer looking to improve their game. Let's delve into the influence of loft and face angle on ball flight.


The loft of a golf club refers to the angle between the clubface and the vertical plane. Different clubs have varying lofts to produce different shot trajectories and distances. Here's how the loft affects your ball flight:

  • Higher Loft: Clubs with higher lofts, such as wedges, promote higher ball flights with more backspin. This increased height allows the ball to stop swiftly on the green, making them ideal for shots that require precision and accuracy.
  • Lower Loft: Clubs with lower lofts, including drivers and woods, produce lower ball flights with less backspin. The reduced amount of loft allows the ball to travel farther through the air, making these clubs suitable for long shots off the tee or from the fairway.

Face Angle:

The face angle of a golf club refers to the position of the clubface at impact relative to the target line. It determines the initial direction the ball will travel upon contact. Here's how the face angle affects your ball flight:

  • Open Face Angle: An open face angle means that the clubface is pointing to the right of the target (for right-handed golfers). This leads to a shot that starts right of the target and curves further right (slice). It can be useful for shaping shots around obstacles or when a fade is desired.
  • Closed Face Angle: A closed face angle means that the clubface is pointing to the left of the target (for right-handed golfers). This results in a shot that starts left of the target and curves more to the left (hook). It can help in counteracting a slice or when aiming for a draw.
  • Square Face Angle: A square face angle means that the clubface is aligned directly towards the target. Shots struck with a square face angle tend to fly relatively straight without much curvature. It is essential for consistent, accurate shots.

It's important to note that loft and face angle work in conjunction to affect your ball flight. Adjusting one without considering the other can lead to unintended outcomes. For example, increasing loft without compensating for a closed face angle may result in shots that start left and hook excessively.

That's why understanding your club's loft and face angle is crucial for controlling your ball flight. Experimenting with different combinations, such as using a stronger loft with a slightly open face angle, can help you achieve specific shot shapes or combat challenging course conditions.

To sum up, loft and face angle greatly impact your ball flight in golf. Loft determines the trajectory and distance of your shot, while face angle influences its initial direction and curvature. Mastering these factors and learning how to manipulate them will give you more control over your game and help you hit the shots you desire.