center of gravity


The “club center of gravity” (CG) in golf refers to the point within a golf club where the mass is concentrated. It is an important factor that influences the club's performance, feel, and playability. The CG location can vary depending on the type of club, such as the driver, irons, wedges, or putter.

Here are a few key points about the club center of gravity:

  1. Definition: The center of gravity is the point within the club where the entire mass can be considered to be concentrated. It represents the balance point of the club and plays a significant role in how the club interacts with the golf ball during impact.
  2. Impact on Ball Flight: The location of the CG in a club affects the launch angle, spin rate, and overall ball flight characteristics. A lower CG tends to promote higher launch and increased spin, which can be desirable for golfers looking to maximize carry distance and control on approach shots. Conversely, a higher CG can lead to lower launch and reduced spin, potentially benefiting golfers seeking a lower ball flight and more roll on tee shots or certain iron shots.
  3. Forgiveness and MOI: The CG position also influences the club's forgiveness and moment of inertia (MOI). Placing the CG deeper and lower in the clubhead can increase the MOI, which enhances stability and resistance to twisting on off-center hits. This design feature helps maintain ball speed and accuracy on mis-hits, providing golfers with more forgiveness.
  4. Customization and Design: Golf club manufacturers carefully engineer the CG position for each club model to optimize performance. They use various design techniques, such as weighting, materials, and clubhead shaping, to manipulate the CG location. Some clubs offer adjustability features that allow golfers to fine-tune the CG position to suit their preferences and swing characteristics.

Understanding the club center of gravity and its influence on ball flight and playability can assist golfers in selecting clubs that best match their game. It's important to note that the CG location is just one of many factors to consider when choosing golf clubs, and individual swing tendencies, skill level, and personal preferences should also be taken into account. Consulting with a professional club fitter or golf instructor can provide valuable insights into how the CG can impact your equipment choices and overall performance on the course.

The exact spot on the clubhead where all balance points intersect. A golf club’s center of gravity (or CG, for short) may be described relative to its height (top to bottom), length (heel to toe) and depth (front to back).

Center of gravity greatly affects a club’s playing qualities. A club with a low and/or deep CG will hit the ball higher than average, while a high/shallow CG produces lower shots.