For beginners in golf, here are some essential techniques to focus on:

Grip: Start by learning the proper grip, which is the foundation of your swing. Place your left hand (for right-handed players) on the club with your thumb pointing down the shaft. Then, interlock or overlap your right hand's pinky finger with your left hand's index finger. Maintain a relaxed grip pressure, not too tight or too loose.

Stance and Alignment: Position yourself parallel to the target line with your feet shoulder-width apart. Align your feet, hips, and shoulders parallel to the target line. The ball should be positioned in the center of your stance for irons, but slightly forward for longer clubs like drivers.

Posture: Maintain a balanced and athletic posture. Bend from your hips with a slight knee flex, keeping your back straight. Let your arms hang naturally and maintain a neutral spine angle throughout the swing.

Backswing: Take the club back smoothly with a controlled motion. Keep your arms and hands connected to your body and rotate your shoulders to initiate the backswing. Avoid excessive tension and over-rotation.

Downswing and Impact: Start the downswing by shifting your weight from your back foot to your front foot. Rotate your hips and transfer your weight smoothly, allowing your arms and hands to follow naturally. Keep your head steady and your eye on the ball. At impact, focus on striking the ball with a descending blow, making contact with the ball first and then the ground.

Follow-Through: After impact, allow your body to rotate fully and your arms to extend naturally. Maintain good balance and finish with your weight mostly on your front foot. Your club should wrap around your back shoulder in a smooth, controlled manner.

Short Game: Spend time practicing chipping, pitching, and putting. Learn different techniques for each, such as using a putting stroke for short chips, utilizing various clubs for different distances, and developing touch and feel for putting.

Practice and Patience: Golf is a game that requires practice and patience to improve. Take the time to work on your swing mechanics, but also enjoy the process and have fun on the course.

Remember that it's always a good idea to seek guidance from a golf professional or instructor who can provide personalized advice and help you develop proper technique. They can assess your swing, provide feedback, and offer specific drills and exercises to help you improve.