To create a golf swing that is repeatable and powerful, the big muscles need to be used. Find out how with this tip.
The ‘muscles’ of a golf swing are a way of referring to the different parts of the body rather than a particular muscle or muscle group so have no fear, a biology degree is not needed! The ‘big’ muscles of a golf swing are usually described as the back, shoulder and trunk areas and the ‘little’ muscles are a way of describing the hand, arm and wrist areas of the body.
The golfer needs to use the bigger muscles of the body to create a golf swing as the bigger muscles are; stronger and so can produce more power for greater distance; bigger and so produce bigger movements that are easier to control for accuracy; fewer and so a golf swing will be more consistent as there are less movements to repeat.
Imagine the golf swing as a circle or arc. The club head should swing around the outside of the circle in a consistent fashion. The bigger muscles (shoulders and hips) allow this to happen as they rotate around the spine which is the centre of the circle. If we imagine a wheel, the arms are the spokes of the wheel, staying still, keeping the club head the same distance away from the body throughout the swing on the same circle. Using the small muscles of the arms and hands means that the arms bend at the elbow pulling the circle closer in towards the body. More movement in the limbs means less likelihood of performing the same set of movements each time.
As an additional note, the further the golf club is away from the body, the faster it will travel creating a longer golf shot. If the arms bend at the elbow, the closer the club head is to the body and the slower it will travel losing distance instead.
Here is an exercise to get the bigger muscles to swing the golf club. Practice swinging like a baseball swing. Stand up straight rather than setting up with the golf club on the floor and swing the golf club horizontally around the body at approximately chest height. While doing this, keep the arms still and feel the hips and shoulders powering the movement. Slowly with each swing, bend forwards from the hips making sure that the shoulders do not curve forward, and lower down to the ball still feeling the ‘bigger muscles’ of the hips and shoulders swinging the club rather than the arms and hands. The swing should feel more rounded and the club should feel like it is being swung behind and around the body rather than over the head in the backswing.
Swing through the ball in this way and the swing will be more under control, providing more consistent golf shots.