- Maintain the triangle formed by the left and right arms as you pull the club back. The wrists should not begin hinging yet.
- Rotate the shoulders and chest in unison with the arms. The left hip should begin to turn right as the hands reach the right knee.
- Avoid keeping the arms and wrists too rigid as you draw the club back.
- Your shoulders, chest, torso and hips continue rotating; the wrists should hinge naturally when reaching waist height. If the club’s toe points straight up at this juncture, everything’s in sync.
- The shoulders should be turned twice as much as the hips in relation to the target line at the top of the backswing. (For example, shoulders at 80°, hips at 40°.)
- With a long or middle iron, the club should be parallel to the ground or just short of it at the top of the backswing. The swing will be a bit shorter with short irons.
- The left heel may be raised slightly off the ground.
- The right knee remains flexed, with your weight favoring the right foot.
The initial inches of the golf swing, called the takeaway, put the club on its path and plane. A sound takeaway is a key to making a solid backswing – and producing consistently accurate iron shots.
Fortunately, the takeaway is relatively easy to master. To make a proper, one-piece move from the ball, simply:
Now you’re in position to finish the backswing with your major muscles working in harmony. As you continue swinging the club back: