When the trailing edge of a club’s sole is lower than its leading edge, the club features bounce. This means that when placed flat on a level surface, the leading edge will be off the ground. Measured in degrees, bounce is highest on the sand wedge; a higher degree equals a deeper trailing edge, which will displace more sand on bunker shots.
The bounce of a sand wedge influences its playing characteristics. A wedge with a high degree of bounce (14-16°) is best when the sand is deep and/or soft. Wedges with less bounce (8-10°) work well from thin or firm sand. For fairway play, a high-bounce wedge is more effective on soft turf, while a low-bounce club is preferred on firmer ground.
A golfer’s swing should be considered when choosing the amount of bounce. Those with steep swings benefit from a high degree of bounce, while players with sweeping motions require less.