A golf ball rotating opposite to the direction it is flying is said to have backspin. This spin is created by the golf club’s loft as well as its grooves, which grab the surface of the ball and amplify the effects of loft. The more loft a club has, the more backspin it will impart. For example, a pitching wedge shot will spin more rapidly than one hit with a driver.
A high backspin rate causes the golf ball to fly higher and stop more quickly on landing.